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National Geographic's Tarantulas. Site of the National Geographic Society. A wonderful site to learn about basic anatomy and life cycle of a spider. May, 2002.

Spider Anatomy. Spiders of NW-Europe, by Ed Nieuwenhuys. A comprehensive page with external and internal anatomy information. This site also contains more than 700 pictures of over 220 spiders commonly found in NW-Europe. August, 1998.

Spider Facts. Explorit Science Center, Davis, CA. This site provides questions and answers about basic spider anatomy and other frequently asked questions. May, 2002.

LifeCycles and General


Common Spiders Found Around Homes and Buildings. University of Kentucky College of Agriculture. Entomology Site by Lee Townsend and Ken Yeargand. This site presents general spider information and facts about Kentucky spiders. May, 2002.

Spiders in and Around the House. Ohio State University. This Extension Fact Sheet by William F. Lyon presents information about the life cycles and habits of several common spiders. May, 2002.

Spider Pages. This is an ongoing project by Glenda Crew and 5th grade students at Rochedale State School in Australia, but seems to have been updated by Ed Nieuwenguys. A fun spider site for students written by students. Includes information from spider anatomy and photos to stories and songs, quizzes, and more! May, 2002.

The Spider Web. The Franklin Institute Online. Provides an easy to read, brief description of spiders and links to other spider pages. August, 2011.

Spider Webs

How does a Spider Web Work? Science Theatre Website: Michigan State University Science Theatre. Presents article originally in Lansing State Journal, July 16, 1997, which describes how spider webs are made and catch prey. May, 2002.

Spiders: Eight Legs and Silk. Site of Milwaukee Public Museum Lore, by Joan P. Jass. A good site for information on silk from a variety of spiders. August 2011.

Spider Webs. University of Kentucky Department of Entomology, by R. Scheibner. This page presents brief information on spider silk and three Kentucky Orb-weavers. April, 1999.

What's News Access Excellence Site: Science Update, by Sean Henahan. . Information on bioengineered spider silk. January, 1996.

ACS Publications: Biomacromolecules has an updated article of the bioengineered spider silk. August 2011.

Spider Survival

Kidshealth. The Nemours Foundation. Kid's site website with information on what to do about bites from the black widow and brown recluse. May, 2002.

Spiders In and Around the House. Ohio State University Entomology Site, by William F. Lyon. A good site to learn more about several defense methods and life cycles of several common spider species. Information on living with spiders and pest management is also presented. May, 2002.

Spiders of Medical Importance. University of Nebraska Cooperative Extension in Lancaster County, by Barb Ogg. A site with lots of information on medical uses of the Brown Recluse, Black Widow, and Parson Spider. August, 2011.

Spiders: We'd Probably Be Dead Without Them. Provides information from "down under" in Australia about the planet's #1 carnivore - the spider. This site presents a lot of good information about spider adaptations and other unique characteristics. May, 2002.

Westside Spidermania. Site of of Wacona Elementary School, Waycross, Georgia, by Laurie Miller. A great site for information about several different spider species known for their special methods for defense and capturing prey. February, 2003.


Camouflage and Mimicry

Animals on Defense. Bee Spotter is a partnership between citizen-scientists and the professional science community at the University of Illinois whose purpose is designed to educate the public about pollinators. This site compares mimicry in bees and flies. August, 2011.

BeeSpotter is a partnership between citizen-scientists and the professional science community designed to educate the public about pollinators by engaging them in a data collection effort of importance to the nation. It is a web-based portal at the University of Illinois for learning about honey bees and bumble bees and for contributing data to a nationwide effort to baseline information on population status of these insects.

Bird-dropping Spiders. The Australian Museum is the sponsor of a multi-faceted site that has some unusual spiders that demonstrate the mimicry adaptation. Also check out their ant mimics. June, 2011 and

Camouflage Field Guide. Presented by Harcourt School Publishers, this is an awesome interactive field guide that allows students to try and hide animals in the Arctic Meadow, Coral Reef, Rain Forest, or African Grasslands.

Disappearing Act. Science Learning Network. This site allows you to hide shapes in patterned backgrounds to learn about camouflage. May, 2002.

Exploring Hide & Seek. Dragonfly Magazine Web site. This is a GREAT site with a fun activity named "Hide and Seek Sea." May, 2002.

Nova Online. This is the COOLEST site that allows you to move the pictures of animals around to the type of camouflage used. May, 2002.

Snake Charmers - Or Fakers? Another student site from students at the University of Richmond. This site compares dangerous snakes with harmless ones relating to mimicry. May, 2002.

Spider Species

The Arachnology Home Page. The best overall site to look for information on different spider species, often described as the "Arachnological Hub of the World Wide Web!" A great place to identify unknown spiders! August, 2011.

Araneae: Spiders of NW-Europe. This site by Ed Nieuwenhuys contains more than 700 pictures of over 220 spiders commonly found in NW-Europe. May, 2002. A wonderful resource site with many nature and wildlife "field guides, " presented by the National Wildlife Federation. The spider section has many great photographs of a good variety of spiders with information on habitat, food, life cycle, and general description. May, 2002.

Spiders in Your Backyard. Discovery Channel Online. A great site to identify common spiders in your backyard. Includes links, name that spider, and live webcast! 1998.

Spiders of Australia. This other site by spider enthusiast Ed Nieuwenhuys shows many photos of the common spiders of Queensland, Australia and information about spiders from "down under." May, 2002.

Photo Galleries Around the World. A Germany based wildlife photo gallery, Nature Photo, provides some amazing photographs along with their common and scientific names. ; and one from Rick C. West, an arachnologist, focuses on tarantulas. August, 2011.

Troy's Photo Gallery. This site presents many unique pictures of spiders, spider kin, and insects by nature photographer Troy Bartlett. May, 2002.

UNL Entomology - Common Spiders Images. Site of the Department of Entomology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln. This site has many great images of a wide variety of spiders found in North America. May, 2002.

Photo Credits

Troy Bartlett. "Troy's Photo Gallery." [Online images]. 10 May 2002. In 2003 Troy Bartlett moved to this website and there is no photo gallery available, but he posts some really cool photos on his blog which can be accessed by this site.

Richard Bradley, Ohio State University, Marion, Ohio. "Photos of Pisaurina mira (Nursery Web Spider). [Online images]. 10 May 2002.

Paul Busse. Richmond, Virginia. Spider Photos. [Online images]. 10 May 2002.

Diane Cribb. "Photograph of Micrathanta sagittata underside." [Online image]. 10 May 2002

Arthur E. Evans, PhD. "Opiolones: Phalangiidae Harvestman in hand" and Opiolones: Phalangidae Harvestman feeding on fungus." Photographic images. 10 September 2000.

Norbert Hamm, MathScience Innovation Center. "Photos for Meet the Creators." [Online images]. 10 May 2002.

Norbert Hamm, MathScience Innovation Center. "Spider Webs Graphics." [Online images]. 10 May 2002.

Rhonda Hawley, MathScience Innovation Center. "Spider Treats Photos." [Online images]. 10 May 2002.

Leon Higley, University of Nebraska. "Photo image of "Goldenrod spider showing camouflage." [Online images]. 10 May 2002.

W. Wyatt Hoback, University of Nebraska. "Photo image of "Goldenrod spider in flower blossom."

JSC Digital Image Collection. Press Release Images, NASA Photo ID: S73-34456. "Personnel in Mission Control examine replica of spider habitat from Skylab." [Online image]. 25 September 1973.

JSC Digital Image Collection. Press Release Images, NASA Photo ID: S73-34206. "View of Arabella, one of the two Skylab 3 spiders used in experiment." [Online image].
8 August 1973.

Jim Kalisch, University of Nebraska. Common Spiders Images." [Online images]. 10 May 2002.

David Keith, University of Nebraska. "Photo image of Black and Yellow Argiope." [Online image]. 10 May 2002.

David Liebman. Spider Photographs. Photographic images. 10 May 2002.

Chris Lundberg, MathScience Innovation Center. Spider Background Photos. [Online image]. 10 May 2002.

Ann Moreton, courtesy of the MathScience Innovation Center. Spider photos of Wolf Spider and Spiderlings. [Online images]. 10 May 2002.

Ed Nieuwenhuys. Badhoevedorp, The Netherlands. "Araneae: Spiders of NW-Europe." [Online images]. 10 May 2002

John Scattergood. "Drawings of Argiope, European Water Spider, Purse Web Spider, Scholoderus, and Wixia ectypa." [Online images]. 10 May 2002.

Jim the Science Guy. "Scanning Electron Micrographs of Common Spiders." [Online images]. 10 May 2002.

Ann & Rob Simpson. Simpson's Nature Photography. "Photographs of Daddy Long-legs, Phalangium opilio and Leiobunum sp. Photographic images. 10 May 2002.

Mark Webster, MathScience Innovation Center. "Photographs of Arrow-Shaped Micrathena, Grass Spider, Wolf Spider and Red Knee Tarantula." Photographic images. 10 May 2002.

MathScience Innovation Center. "Spider Lore Photographs." Photographic images. 10 May 2002.

University of Nebraska-Lincoln. "Photo images of Brown Recluse Spider Bites." [Online images].

Online Sounds

Two Rivers Multimedia Solutions. Voice of Anansi the Spider. 10 May 2002.

Online Video Clips

Wayne Maddison. Tree of Life Web Project. "Courtship Dance of Jumping Spider, Habronattus americanus." [Online video clip]. 1995.

Mark Webster, MathScience Innovation Center. "Tarantula Kicking Hairs." [Online video clip]. 10 May 2002.

Mark Webster, MathScience Innovation Center. "Susie the Tarantula's Escape." [Online video clip]. 10 May 2002.

Samuel Zschokke. "Web Construction in Araneus diadematus." [Online video animation]. Courtesy of Ed Nieuwenhuys, The Netherlands. 1998.